Maya S. Iyer, MD, FAAP, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Section of Emergency Medicine
Fussy Neonate Jeopardy
This jeopardy game highlights key clinical considerations for infants who present to the emergency department with the chief complaint of fussiness. In particular, the topics highlighted in this game include: fever in the neonate, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), brief resolved unexplained events (BRUE) and apparent life threatening events (ALTE), non-accidental trauma (NAT) and a potpourri of other interesting clinical conditions. The questions require second order thinking. After completing this game, emergency medicine residents should be able to describe the cardinal signs and symptoms, management and possible complications of the above conditions.
Authors: Patrick Mescher, OSU MS4 // Michael Barrie, MD OSUEM
Standing in the physician’s office of a local Emergency Department I heard the familiar clunk of a chart being dropped into the metal bin. I walked over and picked up the chart and read “Chief Complaint: Chest Pain,” thinking to myself how this was the fifth “chest pain” I’ve seen this shift. After diagnosing GERD, costrocondritis, and pneumonia with previous patients, I felt comfortable evaluating this chief complaint so I went calmly to the patient’s room. But as I walked to the bedside I found a visibly uncomfortable patient, profusely perspiring. He told me he was having crushing chest pain. I was immediately concerned this may be the real deal STEMI.
Author: Hiro Miyagi OSU MS4 // Editor: Michael Barrie OSU EM Attending
Medical Student Corner – When do kidney stone patients need immediate intervention?
A 51yo female presents with an acute episode of severe right sided back pain with nausea and vomiting. Patient has a past medical history of HTN and chronic back pain. The pain is intermittent, described as sharp and stabbing 10/10 pain. She has not been able to tolerate any liquids since the onset of pain. The patient denies fevers or chills, with no recent infections or illnesses. No dysuria, but with mild urinary frequency. She has a past surgical history of appendectomy 30 years ago.
Dr. Kaide’s Airway “tip of the month”
There was this hypothetical patient…who was being intubated. As soon as the patient was paralyzed dark blood came pouring out into the mouth from an upper GI bleed. The resident immediately suctioned a continuous flow of blood from the airway. She could not see any airway structures because of the bleeding. Now what?
Thanks to all of those that presented for case conference. Here are the PDF’s for review
July 5th 2017 Conference Summary
July 12 2017 Conference Summary
Authors: Kenneth Akapo, OSU MS4 // Dr. Michael Barrie, OSU EM Attending
A 24 year old female with history of sickle cell disease presents with a 6 hours history of widespread pain. The pain is in her lower back but also present within the lower and upper extremities. She also endorses mild shortness of breath although she attributes this to her pain episode. She mentions being seen a week ago due to a similar episode during which she also had new onset headaches associated with blurry vision. During that episode, CT scan was unremarkable. During the current encounter, there was low concern for ischemic stroke. The headaches have persisted until now, however, she no longer endorses changes in vision. She also denies any other focal neurologic symptoms.
Upon initial examination, the patient appeared to be in mild distress. She was mentating well and exhibited no focal neurologic symptoms. She was diffusely tender to palpation although she seemed to exhibit more pain when palpating the lower extremities and back. Breath sounds were clear to auscultation bilaterally, and cardiovascular exam was normal.
Before presenting the case to the senior resident, you consider your differential diagnosis – sickle cell pain crisis, acute chest syndrome (ACS), ischemic stroke, acute coronary syndrome (the other ACS), and heart failure among others.
But what findings would help support or refute a diagnosis of acute chest syndrome? And what is the plan to manage the initial diagnosis and treatment of possible acute chest syndrome?
Thanks to Arwa Mesiwala and Greg Eisenger for preparing the notes for this week –
Abortions and RH Management
OB Antepartum Hemorrhage